Cheonwangbong Peak
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  • Address: Cheonwangbong Peak, Jungsan-ri, Sicheon-myeon, Sancheong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do
  • Tel: +82-55-972-7772
  • Operation Hours: -
  • Admission Fees: Free
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  • Introduction
  • User Guide
  • How to get there
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Cheonwangbong Peak (1,915m), located in the east is the highest peak in the Jirisan Mountain range. It is the second highest mountain in South Korea, after Hallasan Mountain (1,950m). On the front side of the 1.5-meter stone sign erected by Gyeongsangnam-do in 1982, it says, “Jirisan Mountain Cheonwangbong Summit 1,915m,” and on the back it states, “The spirit of Korean people rises from here.”
The top of Cheonwangbong is made up of an enormous rock mass, and it was originally called ‘cheonju,’’ to mean a column that holds up the heavens. On the western side of Cheonwangbong, the words of ‘cheonju’ are inscribed in the rock. The flat area just below the peak used to be the place where the Holy Mother Shrine enshrined the Mother Goddess of the Mountain.

Besides ‘cheonju,’ there are several places around Cheonwangbong that are related to the heavens, such as Tongcheonmun Gate and Gaeseonmun Gate (Gaecheonmun). Gaeseonmun, which is in the southeastern path between Jungsan-ri and Cheonwangbong, means ‘the gate that opens the heavens,’ and Tongcheonmun Gate of the west, which comes up from Jangteomok, means ‘the gate that climbs to the heavens.’ These rocks are all associated with entering the heavens and are the last gateway from Cheonwangbong that is close to the sky. According to tradition, an unjust person cannot pass through the gate and a Taoist monk with miraculous powers cannot reach the heavens without passing through these gates. With the fickle weather of Jirisan Mountain, the top of Cheonwangbong is almost always shrouded in clouds, and people say that in order to witness a sunrise at this sacred summit, three generations worth of virtues must be built first. The red sun soaring out suddenly from the clouds shrouding the enigmatic Cheonwangbong is majestic and most sublime.

Cheonwangbong is the source of many water branches. Towards Hamyang, Chilseon Valley originates and towards Sancheong, Tongsingol and Cheonwanggol come together to form Jungsalli Valley. In addition, Cheonwangsaem Spring that springs out from the rocks at the southeast of the summit flows through Jungsalli Valley to Deokcheongang River before it joins Namgang River.

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